Kourosh Zaim is an Iranian author, inventor, and activist for human rights and democracy. He was born May 27th, 1939 in Kashan, Iran. He is currently the old-est political prisoner in the world, serving his sixth prison term for speaking his views. Kourosh graduated from the University of Illinois in 1962. He earned his MBA at Roosevelt University in Chicago, USA. His doctorate in business administration and doctorate in International Law were both interrupted by imprisonment. Kourosh has authored and translated many books, owns patents to several sci-entific designs, and has published many political articles and open letters in the international media. He is an advocate of democracy in Iran, and of protecting Iranian and world heritage sites. He has been a member of Jebhe Melli for over forty years, and serves as Secre-tary to the Leadership Committee. Many lawyers and human rights attorneys have worked with him, including famous human rights defender Nasrin Sotoudeh and Nobel Laureate Shirin Ebadi. The lawfulness of his current imprisonment is being challenged by attorney Giti Pourfazel. Kourosh is the oldest son of father Javad Zaim and mother Khanoum Khanima Assadi of the Naraghi family. His sister, Soudabeh, still lives in Iran. His brother Siamak Zaim was a communist activist, captured in 1982 during the Amol upris-ing and put to death in 1984. His youngest brother Bahram Zaim was wrongly imprisoned for seven years and now lives in exile in France. Kourosh’s great un-cle Hassan i-Zaim was Speaker for the Minority Faction from 1921 to 1925, then fled from execution after challenging the Shah’s rule. He returned in 1946, was elected again to Parliament, and died of poison the morning after his election. Kourosh’s last writing before his most recent arrest on July 16th, 2016 was an open letter criticizing corruption in the government.